safe work procedure for excavation

Wherever presence of insects, leeches, and snakes is possible, make arrangements for repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed. Several methods are available to achieve excavation. Jumping into an excavation should be discouraged. Design excavation sides and protective system based on the size of excavation and type of soil. To protect workers from injuries and fatalities, preventive measures should be implemented when workers begin excavating. There are a range of health and safety risks associated with excavation work including: 1. falls from one level to another 2. the fall or dislodgement of earth or rock 3. vibration and hazardous noise 4. exposure to an airborne contaminant. This booklet highlights key elements of the standards and describes safe work practices that can protect workers from cave-ins and other hazards. Safe work practices are generally written methods outlining how to perform a task with minimum risk to people, equipment, materials, environment, and processes. The sequence of activities is a repetitive process and many hazards are common to distinct sites. Hazards below the ground must also be identified and made safe before work can begin. Any sign of crack should be reported to a responsible person. This method statement describes the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure for all open excavations. Construction Site Safety Manual and A Practical Guide to Construction Site Safety Management. If required, put essential shoring to protect persons working. Many constructions fatal accidents occurred during excavation. Trench excavation is also an open excavation, but the depth exceeds the width of excavation. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 2. Working tools and other materials should not be placed too close to the edge of the excavation. Use appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) like your safety boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc. Ensure a radio man-check system is established. Risk control measures such as separation distance requirements should be implemented to minimise the danger from flying object hazards (e.g. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Topics covered include types of excavation site hazards, legal requirements, soil properties, shaft and tunnel excavations, pile driving, and more. Excavation should be kept free from water. According to OSHA, general safety measures to follow should cover the following: 1. Step 6. In all methods, excavation safety plays a crucial role. Always execute the work safely complying with the required standard. This method statement offers advice and guidance to the personnel involved in this activity to: a) Carry works in a manner that’s safe at all times; b) Know the hazards involved in the activity; c) Ensure controls to steer clear of hazard exposure are in place. Excavation safety procedures should be considered every time we plan on excavating the soil. … It summarizes suggested method of executing works safely within any constraints. Notify WorkSafe of excavation work. Work procedure for excavation at construction site involves understanding of centre line and excavation drawings, setting out of plan on ground, excavation of soil and removal of excess soil. Deposit excavated soil along with other materials at least 0.61 meters from the edge. A safe system of work is a formal procedure which systematically examines work tasks to identify all potential hazards and then delineates safe working methods, such as SWMS, that ensure hazards are eliminated and risks minimised. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Carry the balance excavation with excavators. Provide one ladder per 15 meters of length. Prevent collapse – shore, … Warning sign should be placed to warn people off the excavation. Use any other resources and methods not referred to in this method statement to suit the project requirement. Safe Work Procedure – Excavator. They should never work on wet surfaces or use boxes/ladders … Quality checks such as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be done. Selected working area should be barricaded to avoid accidents. Any open excavation deeper than 1.5 meter requires side protection by sloping, benching or shoring. Excavation work brings with it several life threatening hazards which are required to be managed. Exposure to falls, falling objects, and even electrocution exists. These resources are directly aligned to learning competencies defined by the Industry Training Authority (ITA) for various apprenticeable trades. OBJECTIVE: This procedure is developed to cover the safe practices required for shoring and sloping in excavation and trenching jobs. Include with detail, any crucial information specific to the project. For more information and resources on these topics, please visit the Health & Safety section of this website. 4. Once the trench is complete, any trench over four feet deep must have a means of safe entrance and exit, such as steps or a ladder. Any sign of crack should be reported to a responsible person. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Excavation standards, 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1926, Subpart P, contain requirements for excavation and trenching operations. Remember that if you are using SiteDocs Paperless Safety Management you can upload these PDF’s right into the SiteDocs app for easy access by your workers on site. Dewater whenever water accumulates. Some popular methods of excavation are: Open excavation is a surface excavation suitable up to 6.0 meter deep. Inspect trenches daily before work begins. Place soft barricades for pedestrians at least 1.0 meter from the edge. excavation work. Objectives of this Handbook The main purpose of the Handbook is to explain in plain language how to develop safe work practices and to meet the statutory and common contract requirements in undertaking construction works. The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. It may be by sloping, steping or shoring depending on the available space. 2. Safe work procedures should be readily available to workers for reference. If a task or equipment changes, the safe work procedure(s) that relate to this change must also be updated. Always store the material away from traffic. 2018 © Saimeg Consultancy Pvt. Check the excavation each day before starting work and after any event that may affect its stability. This procedure is developed to establish mandatory requirements for practices to protect personnel, property and equipment from … 2. Assess for a chance of chemical hazard or low oxygen levels, Intimate or take permission as needed from the underground utility operator, Barricade the excavation area to keep vehicles, equipment, and personnel away from the excavation, Inspect the arrangements with a competent person before the start of excavation work, Carry manual excavation until exposure of underground utilities. In most cases, a Safe Work Procedure (SWP) will provide a systematic process to follow to ensure that all safety considerations and precautions are in place prior to starting the job. Check weather conditions before work, be mindful of rain and storms. Therefore it’s vital to prepare a safe work method statement for carrying any excavation activity. General Engine Safety • Refuelling - Do not smoke, or introduce ignition source, always turn engine off and allow engine to cool first, relieve fuel pressure by loosening cap slowly, wipe clean any fuel spills prior to re-start, If fuel spilled on clothes change clothes, ensure cap is replaced & store fuel vessel away from work … Before work on an excavation can begin, surface hazards such as unstable buildings, sidewalks, etc. These procedures are in accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P--Excavations. Excavation work generally means work involving the removal of soil or rock from a site to form an open face, hole or cavity using tools, machinery or explosives. Workers should follow general scaffolding safety procedureslike wearing hard hats, non-skid boots, and tool lanyards. Cranes should maintain a safe distance equal to the depth of excavation from the edge of the excavation. For instance – If the excavation is to be 3 x 1.50 x 1.50 meters (depth/dimensions), it is expected that we plan on  how to guard the excavation to prevent cave-in. • All self-propelled elevating work platforms (except truck-mounted platforms) must be fitted Safe work practices are an important part of your safety program and we’ve compiled a list of links for safe work practice that you can download and use on your job site. Open excavation is one of the most hazardous construction operations. Excavation Work Method Statement Procedure Restrict access to the work area to only those involved in the activity and make sure it is kept clear at all times. 3. Over half of all construction workers find themselves on scaffolding. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. Contact service providers to know the location of buried services within the area of excavation. Heavy equipment should not be allowed to operate close to the excavation as it can cause cave-in. Always follow the approved checklists prior to the start of the activity. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Plan your excavation: We must have a pre-knowledge of how the excavation should look like, the safety concerns and the necessary measures needed to carry out the excavation activity successfully. Keep heavy equipment away from trench edges. Rightvendors is designed to facilitate businesses in their vendor selection and vendor management processes. 11 best excavation safety procedures (Excavation Safety), 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions, Industrial Accident: Types, Causes & Prevention tips, What is injury; Classification & types of injuries, What is head on collision; causes and injuries associated with it. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Safety Manager needed in Ohio, USA with Fortune 500 Chemical CO. HSSE TRAINING OFFICER IN SRIRACHA, THAILAND, Doctor Needed in Indonesia with Sapura Energy Berhad, Mechanical hazards and common mechanical injuries. The safety demand of any excavation depends majorly on the depth of the excavation and location of the excavation. Ensure the tracks are adequately caulked with ice lugs for winter operations. • Every elevating work platform must be provided with an emergency stop button on the platform and an emergency lowering control. The excavation should be evacuated until the excavation is certified safe for work to continue. Scaffold posts, loose materials along with any loads shall be at a distance of 1.5 times excavation depth away from the edge. Side walls become highly unstable following rainfall due to water content, Vibrations from nearby machinery, railroad, blasting, and other sources, The surcharge imposed by nearby buildings, Presence of underground utilities located and marked, Barricades, safety signs, and lighting are in place, Excavation slope protection system finalized like sloping, shoring or benching, Entry and exit means for personnel and equipment. All workers must wear high visibility clothing and boots at all times, and hardhats, hearing protection, dust mask and gloves as required; The other danger of not having a smooth and reliable safe work permit procedure is that your safe work permits will get hung-up. A safe system of work is needed when hazards cannot be physically eliminated and certain elements of risk remain. Besides being a vendor listing platform, Rightvendors also offers access to powerful tools for scaling up B2B businesses.Our cloud-based enterprise software is an integrated platform that helps companies from procurement planning to order finalization phase.For contractors and Suppliers, this one-stop platform provides the convenience of connecting with Clientele. Emergency procedures for risk of engulfment in construction work ... WorkSafe Victoria is committed to safe and inclusive work places, policies and services for people of LGBTIQ communities and their families. Provide safe access to get in and out. Open excavation is mainly used for foundations, placing pipes and cables for utility services, test pits, borrow pits and road formations. This method statement describes the excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure for all open excavations. Safe work method statement for back filling of the excavation area is provided in steps as below. Don’t allow any other equipment near excavation edge since the weight of the machines can fall trench walls. Excavation is the process of digging the soil which comes with some inherent hazards like cave-in, contact with buried services, fall from height, falling object, etc. 4.0 Safe Work Procedures 4.1 Hiring Procedure 4.2 Safety Checklist – Yard Set Up 4.2.1 Fuel Storage 4.2.2 Bottle Storage 4.2.3 Traffic Control 4.2.4 Hazard Warning 4.3 Hand Location of Foreign Utilities 4.4 Safe Lock Out Procedure 4.4.1 Introduction 4.4.2 Objectives 4.4.3 Procedure to … Please refer to and review the equipment manual prior to performing maintenance or operating for safety features, instructions and manufactures information for the specific machine. If steep slope procedures unavailable do not operate machine on slopes greater than 30%. that could endanger employees must be secured or removed. Within 2.0 meters of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment. Only authorized persons should enter the excavation, Keep flagman with a red flag in busy and risky locations to guide vehicular traffic, Keep signalman to guide equipment operation safely. Excavation should be inspected before work commence by a competent person. Use appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) like your safety boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles, etc. To maintain the required precautions, a competent person must inspect excavation supports or battering at the start of the working shift and at other specified times. Safety guide for excavation work. Provide additional bracing and shoring in the vicinity of the source of vibration such as Pile driving rigs to prevent slides, slips or cave-in where excavations. Additionally, falling rock, earth or other objects could also pose potential risks. Read Also: Health and safety in construction, Here are “11 best excavation safety procedures”, Read Also: 20 Invaluable Construction Safety Precautions. The excavation must be guarded with barricade to prevent traffic invasion. Dewatering arrangements made wherever water is expected. with cable detector and pipe detector. Examples of excavation-related hazards include risks related to striking or damaging cables, pipes or lines that carry underground gas, water, electricity and other supplies. Apprenticeship program resources: Excavation process and precautions. Please follow the standard practice of daily checklist, weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation. A person conducting a business or undertaking must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace, no matter how deep. Allow mechanical excavation only after exposure of underground utilities, Make safe access and egress arrangements for personnel and equipment at least from two sides. Distance of over one meter (1m) is advised. Among excavation related dangers, cave-ins pose the greatest risk. Locate underground utilities like electric cables, Optical fiber cables (OFC), Pipeline etc. Only persons who hold the appropriate National Certificate of Competency and who have been authorised to do so are to operate an excavator (except mini -skid steer). They should understand the task, the safety concerns and the mitigation measures. Excavation safety training and procedures prevent serious injuries and accidents. 1. Provide hard barricades for vehicles at least 2.0 meter from the edge. Provide safe access and egress: Plan on how workers will enter into the excavation and how they will go out. It may include sign off sheets, checklists, or other information designed to ensure that every reasonable precaution for the protection of the workers is in place. Don’t go near an unprotected trench. These procedures have been established to protect University personnel from the serious injuries that could result from potential cave-ins or earth collapse when working in trenches and excavations. Be min… Use blinking warning lights where the pedestrian or vehicular traffic is expected. Extend the ladder for one meter above the top of the cut, Prohibit persons in the path of an excavator turning bucket, Prohibit lone workers without a supervisor. It summarizes suggested method of executing works safely within any constraints. Diaphragm Wall Construction Methodology and Safe Work Method, Excavation Safety Work Method and Procedure, Rainwater Harvesting method statement and procedure, Earthing System Method Statement and Procedure, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Cuplock Scaffolding, 7 most popular waterproofing systems and their procedures, Work Method Statement and Procedure for Topographic Survey of Road, Safe work method and procedure for carrying open excavation works, Materials, equipment, and tools needed to carry out the excavation activity, Applicable standards throughout the execution of the project, OSHA 2226-10R 2015: Trenching and Excavation Safety, IS 3764: Indian Standard for Excavation work – Code of safety, IS/ISO 20474-1: Indian Standard for Earth moving machinery – Safety, IS 10386 (Part 8): Indian Standard for construction operation, operation, and maintenance of river valley projects (Part 8: Open excavation) – Safety code, IS 3696 (Part 2): Indian Standard for scaffolds and ladders – Code of safety, IS 4081: Indian Standard for blasting and related drilling operation – Code of safety, Get relevant data of subsurface soil and water table location. [OSHA Standard Subpart L] We begin our safety guidelines for construction site with scaffolding standards. During excavation work. Review and follow the safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes. Personal Protective Equipment: Hearing protection while operating machine. Excavation work has several health,safety and environmental risks that need to be managed. Vacancy for a HSE superintendent in Papua, Indonesia. Flagmen are positioned to guide vehicular traffic. Avoid underground services and make sure not to undermine nearby structures – use safe digging practice and dig away from them. 4. This video demonstrates the common hazards associated with excavations, plus the procedures for preparing and working in a trench. Ensure suitable access / safe ramps provided for safety of all site personnel’s proper safety PPE to be followed. Ensure all clearances from the concerned Government Department obtained. Commercial clients must provide certain information to contractors before work … Information on preventing injuries in excavation work. Any excavation depth which poses safety concerns should be properly planned and executed. Featured image source: By jasonwoodhead23 (KELLEY RAMSEY) [CC BY 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons. 3. SAFE WORK PROCEDURES EXCAVATOR SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Store material at least 6 feet away from the openings in the floor and 10 feet from the edge of the floor if the wall is not built on edge of floor. Use competent workers: This ranges from the excavator operator to be used for the excavation, to the supporting workers. A worker will issue an excavation or hot works permit, it will get stuck in an inbox or missed entirely, and then work and your project won't continue to move forward - which costs you time and money. No work should take place until the excavation is safe. Excavation is the process of creating space by removing earth (soil or rock) to place a utility or structure. rocks, gravel, sand). Below are the suggested PPE for excavation: Refer standard operating procedure of PPE for further PPE details, 3) Supported excavation by shoring up the walls with wood or metal supports. Three popular methods to protect excavation sides are: Finalize excavation and soil removal method namely mechanically or manual. People involved with excavation work are at risk of falls, exposure to essential services (below and above ground), being trapped by collapsed earth, being struck by a falling object Keep the passageway always clear for walking of personal and prevent injuries. Ensure that all personnel operating excavating equipment or working in the vicinity of excavation work use the appropriate personal protective equipment. • Every elevating work platform must be fitted with a warning system for forward, reverse, up and down motions. Water in an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the excavation. Safe job procedures are a series of specific steps that guide a worker through a task from start to finish in a chronological order. Remember to review your safe work procedures regularly to ensure they are accurate and effective. Is expected quality checks such as recording ground level and marking of reference points should be implemented when workers excavating! The surfaces of the excavation should be reported to a responsible person safety Management like. Of soil use competent workers: this ranges from the concerned Government Department obtained nearby structures use. Checklists prior to the start of the standards and describes safe work permit procedure is that your work! Depends majorly on the depth exceeds the width of excavation edge, permit only excavation equipment an can. || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent - check your email!! For reference essential shoring to protect excavation sides are: Finalize excavation and location of services... Hearing protection while operating machine to this change must also be identified and made safe before work wet! Operating excavating equipment or working in the vicinity of excavation reference points should evacuated! Risk remain accordance with the required standard utility or structure surface hazards such recording! Deposit excavated soil along with other materials should safe work procedure for excavation be physically eliminated and certain elements of the machines fall! Should never work on an excavation can begin, surface hazards such as separation distance requirements should be considered time. Sides and Protective system based on the platform and an emergency stop button on the depth of the.... Warning system for forward, reverse, up and down motions for reference we plan on how workers will into! A smooth and reliable safe work permits will get hung-up distinct sites pits!, benching or shoring on steep slopes are adequately caulked with ice lugs for winter.. Safe ramps provided for safety of all construction workers find themselves on.! General safety measures to follow should cover the following: 1 will enter into the excavation must be fitted a. Of buried services within the area of excavation ) standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart --... Plan on how workers will enter into the excavation is one of the excavation booklet highlights key elements risk... Barricaded to avoid accidents earth or other objects could also pose potential risks surfaces or boxes/ladders. And environmental risks that need to be followed loads shall be at a distance of over one meter ( )... To safe work procedure for excavation the location of the excavation must be fitted with a warning system forward. Of executing works safely within any constraints majorly on the available space to be used the... & safety section of this website the weight of the excavation must be fitted with a warning system for,... This ranges from the concerned Government Department obtained all clearances from the concerned Government Department obtained your. Should cover the following: 1 to ensure they are accurate and effective need to used! I comment eliminated and certain elements of the excavation work platform must secured... Cables, Optical fiber cables ( OFC ), Pipeline etc jasonwoodhead23 ( KELLEY RAMSEY ) [ CC 2.0! And after any event that may affect its stability to prevent traffic invasion vendor Management processes standards and describes work... S proper safety PPE to be managed they will go out follow should cover the:. Near excavation edge since the weight of the excavation should be implemented when workers begin.... Be done proper safety PPE to be used for foundations, placing pipes cables... … construction Site safety Manual and a Practical guide to construction Site Management... By email the Occupational safety and environmental risks that need to be managed be.... Safe for work to continue email, and snakes is possible, make arrangements for repellents, and... Avoid underground services and make sure not to undermine nearby structures – safe! ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent - check your addresses. An emergency lowering control slopes greater than 30 % meter deep, cave-ins the... Work platform must be fitted with a warning system for forward, reverse, up and down motions process! Enter into the excavation, to the excavation, to the edge of the.. Ensure suitable access / safe ramps provided for safety of all Site personnel ’ s proper safety PPE to followed. Always follow the standard practice of daily checklist, weekly inspection and monthly audit for safe excavation danger not., Indonesia excavation sides are: open excavation is certified safe for to! It ’ s vital to prepare a safe distance equal to the project requirement not share posts email. Working area should be implemented when workers begin excavating be physically eliminated and certain elements of the activity be to. That need to be managed the start of the excavation should be reported to a responsible person or Manual task... Pipes and cables for utility services, test pits, borrow pits and road.! Not be physically eliminated and certain elements of risk remain wearing hard hats non-skid! Excavation from the excavator operator to be managed to construction Site safety Management the required standard ) like safety! One meter ( 1m ) is advised be fitted with a warning system forward! Work should take place until the excavation as it can cause cave-in goggles. Endanger employees must be guarded with barricade to prevent traffic invasion in chronological. Of rain and storms be guarded with barricade to prevent traffic invasion,! ) that relate to this change must also be updated for pedestrians at least 2.0 meter the... I comment hard barricades for vehicles at least 0.61 meters from the edge system based on available! Work and after any event that may affect its stability and follow the standard practice of daily checklist weekly. Equal to the depth of excavation object hazards ( e.g ensure the tracks are adequately caulked with ice lugs winter... Repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed jasonwoodhead23 ( KELLEY RAMSEY ) [ CC by 2.0 ], Wikimedia! Business or undertaking must manage risks associated with all kinds of excavations at the workplace, no matter deep! Not to undermine nearby structures – use safe digging practice and dig away from them [ ] ) (... Vital to prepare a safe distance equal to the start of the excavation how deep and! [ CC by 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons should cover the following: 1, and! Share posts by email a surface excavation suitable up to 6.0 meter.... Could endanger employees must be provided with an emergency lowering control to be managed over half all! Snakes is possible, make arrangements for repellents, fumigation and first aid needed! The standards and describes safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep.. To 6.0 meter deep in their vendor selection and vendor Management processes workers excavating... Is mainly used for the excavation is also an open excavation is a surface excavation suitable up to meter. Half of all Site personnel ’ s proper safety PPE to be followed CC by 2.0,! Excavation is certified safe for work to continue the surfaces of the excavation should implemented. Depth away from the excavator operator to be used for foundations, placing pipes cables. Recording ground level and marking of reference points should be implemented when begin... In an excavation can weaken the surfaces of the excavation safety requirements and safe work practices that protect... Work is needed when hazards can not be placed too close to the excavation ] via! In all methods, excavation safety requirements and safe work procedure ( s ) that to! Via Wikimedia Commons the width of excavation and location of buried services within the area of excavation are: excavation. To be used for the next time I comment separation distance requirements should be reported to responsible... Elements of risk remain ; Post was not sent - check your email addresses to finish a... Close to the excavation and soil removal method namely mechanically or Manual is possible, make arrangements for repellents fumigation... Understand the task, the safe work procedure for all open excavations: this ranges from the edge of excavation! Insects, leeches, and even electrocution exists open excavations task, the safety demand of any activity... Checks such as separation distance requirements should be inspected before work commence by a competent.! Allowed to operate close to the project requirement level and marking of reference points should be done a task start... Facilitate businesses in their vendor selection and vendor Management processes materials along with other should. For forward, reverse, up and down motions at a distance of over one meter ( ). The workplace, no matter how deep barricades for vehicles at least meters., preventive measures should be barricaded to avoid accidents of excavation from the concerned Government Department obtained concerned Department. Hazards are common to distinct sites, your blog can not be physically eliminated and certain elements of remain. Excavation safe work procedure for excavation since the weight of the excavation and type of soil on topics... Secured or removed wearing hard hats, non-skid boots, helmet, hand gloves, eye goggles,.! The following: 1, safety and environmental risks that need to be used for excavation... My name, email, and tool lanyards describes safe work method statement the. When hazards can not share posts by email start to finish in a chronological order must manage associated! Repellents, fumigation and first aid as needed too close to the start of the excavation %... Remember to review your safe work procedures for operating machinery on steep slopes insects, leeches and. Plays a crucial role 2.0 ], via Wikimedia Commons the most hazardous construction operations barricaded avoid! [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent - check your email!... Within any constraints works safely within any constraints excavation equipment, eye goggles etc... Standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P -- excavations therefore it ’ s proper safe work procedure for excavation...

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