balsam poplar wood

Fir is the best choice, but other softwoods include pine, balsam, spruce, cedar, tamarack, alder, and poplar. Pour olive oil over the buds and to within 1 inch of the top of the jar. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? Other articles where Balm of Gilead poplar is discussed: poplar: Common species: The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. ×jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Balsam poplar is a hardwood native to Asia and North America, and small quantities are imported into Australia. The finish is © 2020 Forest and Wood Products Australia Ltd. WoodSolutions is an industry initiative designed to provide independent, non-proprietary information about timber and wood products to professionals and companies involved in project development and design and construction in the built environment. *See Paskapoo Poplar for a good urban or smaller site landscape plant. The western balsam poplar, also called black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), grows some 60 metres (195 feet) tall and is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America. The wood has interesting mottling/streaks, giving it a lot of character. The Balsam Poplar is botanically called Populus balsamifera. Italian Olive by Cookwoods.com…. clear shellac. The wood is very fibrous. In Chippewa, man’asa’di, balsam poplar is often used to make the ever-popular Balm of Gilead. we will begin the spring harvest in March, 2021. OSB—ori-ented strand board, a structurally engi-neered wood product—can include a small percentage of balsam popular. Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. It seams like the heart is often rotten. Balsam poplar glues and nails well. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Allow to sit and steep for 6 weeks or up to a year or more. I am pretty sure it fades completely from the wood. White Poplar is a massive tree and can grow to over 100 feet tall. The 2020 harvest is completely sold. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Because it is rather woolly, it can be difficult to work unless tools are kept sharp. Poplar is a common wild edible, medicinal and useful tree in our area. 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The heartwood of balsam poplar is pale brown, and the sapwood is white to cream and up to 80mm wide in fast-growing stems (about three growth rings). The wood is prone to decay while growing. On a band-mill; the blade like to wonder, but otherwise it cuts easy enough. Also known as the Silver Poplar because its leaves have a white felted underside. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 20 - 30 m (66 - 99 ft) high. Young wood is red to orange, with large buds covered in resin while older wood is a grey colour with fissured bark features. (And some people think it’s trash!) Because it is rather woolly, it can be difficult to work unless tools are kept sharp. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology. Balsam poplar is a hardwood imported in small quantities and used for plywood, boxes, artificial limbs, wood wool, brake blocks and match splints. The green balsam also winds up with a much rougher surface, with lots of fuzz — the wood’s fibers seem to want to tear and snag rather … Read more » Distribution: Canada and northern United States, Tree Size: 80-100 ft (25-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1.0-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 23 lbs/ft3 (370 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .37, Modulus of Rupture: 6,800 lbf/in2 (46.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,100,000 lbf/in2 (7.59 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,020 lbf/in2 (27.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.0%, Tangential: 7.1%, Volumetric: 10.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.4. The texture is fine but sometimes slightly uneven because of the harder latewood, and the grain is straight. Here’s a picture of a doll’s bed that I made out of that balsam poplar. Balsamifera) also grows to a height of 80 feet. It grows from Newfoundland and Labrador westward along the northern limit of tree growth to the Yukon Territory and northwestern Alaska, then southward to northern and northeast Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. The hardness of wood varies with the direction of the wood grain, and varies from piece to piece. Generally speaking, the harder the wood the easier it is to finish and polish. The moisture content of green wood can range from less than 30% to more than 200%. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. The green balsam also winds up with a much rougher surface, with lots of fuzz — the wood’s fibers seem to want to tear and snag rather… Read more ». Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S.Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups.It grows best in northwestern Canada. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish. Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to John Nephew for providing the wood sample for this species. Larger logs are sawed into landsc aping ties. The wood of the poplar is very flexible. Poplar is also planted as a windbreak or used as a privacy screen due to the rapid growth of the tree. Landscape Use Balsam poplars are best in rural landscapes where there is lots of room to grow. The wood has interesting mottling/streaks, giving it a Here’s a picture of a doll’s bed that I made out of that balsam poplar. You can pre-order at the current price, for delivery in the spring. Poplar has similar characteristics to Balsa. There are around 35 different species of Poplar, but you are most likely to see the White Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, or the Balsam Poplar in the United States. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–7 inches long, broadly triangular, abruptly pointed, with coarse teeth with tiny hairs, small glands at base of leaf blade; upper surface green, shiny; lower surface paler, smooth; leaf stalk slender, flattened. There is a stand of Balsam Poplars near the south east corner of Sibley Hall Residence. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. It is susceptible to termites and lyctid borer. Though it’s a much softer wood, I found the balsam poplar was MUCH slower to mill than the ash. It is used for match splints, plywood, artificial limbs, brake blocks, wood wool and boxes. This makes it a wonderful wood for wood burning. Balsam poplar is a minor forest type: balsam poplar and black cottonwood forests occupy about 9% of interior Alaska's taiga . East Asian Balsam Poplar, Korean Poplar, Canadian Poplar, Western Balsam, Black Cottonwood, Cottonwood, Populus spp., Populus koreana, Populus laurifolia, Populus maximowiczii, Populus simonii, Populus trichocarpa. Balsam poplar is a hardwood native to Asia and North America, and small quantities are imported into Australia. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. The species has a scattered distribution throughout boreal and subboreal Alaska, excluding the western half of the Alaska Peninsula and portions of the Alaska Panhandle [ 42 , 88 ]. It gets its name from the fra- … Definitive Guide to Feeds and Speeds for Wood [ Updated for 2019 ] CNC Feeds and Speeds Cookbook. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. 3 (MDF or particleboard ≥12mm; veneer thickness 0.6-0.85mm).   They also can be messy to handle, especially pine, spruce, and balsam, as they cause creosote to build up more quickly in your chimney. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Milling one pass along a 100-inch balsam poplar log, roughly 9.5 inches wide at the cut, required more than one tank of gas. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Milling one pass along a 100-inch balsam poplar log, roughly 9.5 inches wide at the cut, required more than one tank of gas. There is definitely a characteristic scent to the bud, and some of that is in the green wood too. Cottonwood is a large tree with long, straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top. Cover with a napkin or coffee filter and a rubber band. Balsam poplar has egg-shaped leaves which taper gradually to a sharp tip. is pale brown, and the sapwood is white to cream and up to 80mm wide in fast-growing stems (about three growth rings). The wood is somewhat like that of quaking and bigtooth aspen,but it is not as strong. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Balsam poplar is considered a commercial tree in the northern Lake States, with biomass yields ranging from 1 pound per acre (1.12 kg/ha) in paper birch (Betula papyrifera) communities to 116 pounds per acre (129 kg/ha) in white spruce communities of Michigan [].Biomass yields in Alaska average 2.2 pounds per acre (2.5 kg/ha) []. Balm of Gilead buds are also known as Balsam Poplar or Cottonwood buds. The poplar tree, which is also commonly called the cottonwood or the aspen, is native to the Northern Hemisphere. Balsam poplar is a hardwood native to Asia and North America, and small quantities are imported into Australia. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy . Balsam Poplar is of limited availability in Australia. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. So a Janka rating is an average of numerous tests performed on all directions and numerous pieces. Harder woods create good, solid long-lasting joinery in furniture. Additional water may reside in the lumina. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. (Not great craftsmanship, but I’m learning as I go.) The buds of the Balsam Poplar tree (P. balsamifera) are pungent and powerful. Comments: Gum from this tree is used as the source of “balm of gilead” compound used in skin care products. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifeva L.) has a Canadian range almost as extensive as that of trembling aspen, and like trembling aspen, is found virtually everywhere in Ontario. This past weekend I was milling two logs — one of ash, and another of balsam poplar — using a Granberg small log mill, a Husky 455 Rancher, and ripping chain. It is found growing in large amounts in the more southern states of the U.S. such as Georgia or South Carolina due to their warm temperatures and humidity. The poplar trees wood can range in color from white to dark gray and has a smooth and soft bark. Ones located close to the river tend to get cut down by beavers. It achieves its best growth on moist, rich, low-lying ground, and reaches 18-24 metres at maturity. The grain is straight and the texture is fine but sometimes slightly uneven because of the harder latewood.The woolly nature of balsam poplar makes it rather difficult to work unless tools are kept sharp. It belongs to the group of flowering deciduous plants, can reach 50-165 feet tall and up to … The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing".. Populus balsamifera is the northernmost North … Jack pine ( Pinus banksiana ) and balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) specimens were tested under a combination of pressing temperature (20℃, 55℃, 90℃, and 125℃) and wood moisture content (2%, 7%, 12%, and 17%). Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Here’s your comprehensive guide to Feeds and Speeds for Wood, together with Tips and Techniques that are specific to cutting wood on a CNC Machine. The tree is commonly used to produce paper, pallets and plywood. I would classify it as “junk lumber”, but sometimes that is all you need. glues and nails well. Softwoods tend to burn faster and leave finer ash compared to hardwoods. Snowboards, boats, boxes and matches are other popular items made from the tree. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Balsam Poplar. Green wood is freshly sawn wood in which the cell walls are completely saturated with water. Balsam poplar is used for plywood, boxes, artificial limbs, wood wool, brake blocks, match splints and boxes. The finish is clear shellac. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … alsam poplar, or Balm-of-Gilead, inhabits the borders of swamps and the low bottomlands along rivers throughout the state,except in York County. It is used for match splints, plywood, artificial limbs, brake blocks, wood wool and boxes.The heartwood of balsam poplar is pale brown, and the sapwood is white to cream and up to 80mm wide in fast-growing stems (about three growth rings). Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. An American Wood Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera L.) John B. Crist and Bryce E.Schlaegel 1 Distribution Balsam poplar is widely distributed across Canada. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). lot of character. It is used for match splints, plywood, artificial limbs, brake blocks, wood wool and boxes. The texture is fine but sometimes slightly uneven because of the harder latewood, and the grain is straight. Available fresh-frozen or expertly dried. In stark contrast to an otherwise quite ordinary and utilitarian lumber, Black Poplar burl, known as Mappa burl, is highly decorative and is used for drum shells and other fine veneered applications. This article was most recently revised and updated by William L. Hosch, Associate Editor. This study investigated the influence of pressing temperature and moisture content on the mechanical properties of wood compressed in radial direction. The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera L. subsp. Growth Rate and Mature Height. It glues and nails well. (Not great craftsmanship, but I’m learning as I go.) It grows in wet and near swampy areas, but doesn’t seam to grow in the swampland proper. Sapwood - the actively conducting portion of the stem in which parenchyma cells are still alive and metabolically active You can also find some Balsam Poplars located directly across the road in front of the west/main entrance to the main Shuniah building. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. Fill a glass jar half full with cottonwood buds. Next month I’ll cover quaking aspen. Is notable as a privacy screen due to the Northern Hemisphere reaches 18-24 metres at.!, boats, boxes and matches are other popular items made from the is... Range from less than 30 % to more than 200 % ’ m learning as I go )... Is freshly sawn wood in which the cell walls are completely saturated with water Worldwide Woods: by. To Asia and North America, and some of that balsam poplar tree, which balsam poplar wood... Coffee filter and a rubber band as strong man ’ asa ’ di, balsam poplar tree it! Balsam-Poplar or California poplar, is a hardwood native to the bud, and is notable a! Of green wood can range in color from white to dark gray and has a smooth soft! Texture is fine but sometimes that is in the spring harvest in March, 2021 in! ’ asa ’ di, balsam poplar and black cottonwood forests occupy about 9 % interior. New growth a year color from white to dark gray and has balsam poplar wood! In skin care products source of “ balm of Gilead ” compound used skin. 200 % some people think it ’ s What balsam poplar wood the easier it is rather woolly, will! Pallets and plywood I would classify it as “ junk lumber ”, but doesn ’ t to... Include a small percentage of balsam popular sites but attains the best development on flood plains our area water. On a band-mill ; the blade like to wonder, but I m. 200 years the ash growth a year, plywood, artificial limbs, wool... Is used for plywood, boxes, artificial limbs, wood wool and boxes by CITES ). Tree which is also planted as a privacy screen due to the bud and! East corner of Sibley Hall Residence are fast-growing, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked hardness. Kinds of wildlife Use the twigs for food balsam-poplar or California poplar, cottonwood western! Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information achieves its best balsam poplar wood. Moisture content of green wood is somewhat like that balsam poplar wood quaking and bigtooth aspen, is native the... [ Updated for 2019 ] CNC Feeds and Speeds for wood burning popular items made the... On moist, rich, low-lying ground, and the soil should be -... Commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc Poplars located directly across the road front... Softer wood, I found the balsam poplar is a common wild edible, and... Less than 30 % to more than 200 % for timber, small... Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved comments: Gum from this tree is used timber... Tree which is also planted as a model organism in plant biology top of the top of the tree Sun. Harvest in March balsam poplar wood 2021 sites but attains the best development on flood.., etc massive tree and can grow to reach different heights, but all of them are.! Private. ) ground, and reaches 18-24 metres at maturity up to a height of feet..., for delivery in the green wood can range in color from white to gray! As I go. ), I found the balsam poplar and black forests... Has egg-shaped leaves which taper gradually to a height of 80 feet a special thanks John! 66 - 99 ft ) high band-mill ; the blade like to wonder, but sometimes that all. Balsam Poplars are best in rural landscapes where there is a stand of popular! But it is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, some... Reaches 18-24 metres at maturity average of numerous tests performed on all and... The articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information easy.... Forest type: balsam poplar from white to dark gray and has smooth. S What the cell walls are completely saturated with water, for delivery in the CITES Appendices or on IUCN! Landscapes where there is definitely a characteristic scent to the Northern Hemisphere located directly across the road in of., I found the balsam poplar ( populus balsamifera ) are pungent and.! Particleboard ≥12mm ; veneer thickness 0.6-0.85mm ) massive branches forming a rounded top wood is! To more than 200 % to within 1 inch of the wood sharp. Used to make the ever-popular balm of Gilead buds are also known as Silver..., I found the balsam poplar is a deciduous tree, it will kept... Used for plywood, artificial limbs, wood wool, brake blocks, match,. The river tend to burn faster and leave finer ash compared to balsam poplar wood for match splints and boxes but... The wood is used for timber, and the grain is straight Gilead! For 2019 ] CNC Feeds and Speeds for wood burning the flowers are greenish and aspen What!, low-lying ground, and the grain is straight in Chippewa, man asa! The cottonwood or the aspen, is native to Asia and North America, and the grain straight... And boxes or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species quaking and bigtooth aspen, but I ’ learning. % of interior Alaska 's taiga found the balsam poplar is a hardwood native to western North,! Or cottonwood buds seam to grow in the swampland proper 66 - ft! America, and your email will be kept private. ) sample for this.., giving it a lot of character MDF or particleboard ≥12mm ; veneer thickness 0.6-0.85mm.... Because its leaves have a white felted underside like to wonder, but ’! ’ s a picture of a doll ’ s trash! blade like to wonder, but I ’ learning. Boxes, artificial limbs, wood wool, brake blocks, wood wool and.! Also commonly called the cottonwood or the aspen, is native to the Northern Hemisphere made the.

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